Why Additional Medication Is Used
A lot of efficient addiction treatment programs need the use of other drugs to help withdrawal side effects and decrease the chance of relapse. Medicine can make it painless for recovering addicts to keep in sobriety. Many recovering addicts are unable to bear the severity of withdrawal symptoms and this makes many of them relapse. For inpatient and outpatient rehab plans they have included medicines in addiction treatment. To give the patient the best chance of recovering, a doctor may adjust the dosage of the medication gradually during the treatment.
Withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be eased with the help of medication that mimic the effect of the addictive substances.
Detoxification And Withdrawal From Drugs
The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This stage is known as the detox period. Based on the drug, the detoxification process can last from several days to several weeks.
The detox period is made difficult by the withdrawal symptoms that result from denying the body the drug it has become accustomed to. The harshness of withdrawal effects changes depending on past drug use. For those addicts of long term, high dose drug or alcohol abuse the withdrawal symptoms will be more severe.
During the detox process, the former drug addicts pass through many painful side effects. Some of these are
- Muscle pain
- Excessive perspiration
To deal with these withdrawal side effects, many medicines are available for this. The medicines which are given by doctors in detox are
- For stress and irritability reduction.
- Stress is mostly associated with withdrawal from drugs like Cocaine and Heroin
- Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can also be eased by the sedative effect of Benzodiazepines.
- This drug is also addictive so is prescribed with caution.
- An addict's brain is usually accustomed to producing dopamine only in the presence of a drug.
- It is common with the people in detox to feel depressed as they have been using drugs for a much longer period to keep themselves happy.
- Until the brain get's back to producing dopamine on its own, the drug user will require antidepressants such as Prozac and Zoloft to relieve the feeling of depression.
- Sweating, aches, muscle pains and nervousness can be reduced by using Clonidine in the treatment of alcohol and opiate withdrawals.
- Tremors and fits can also be reduced with the use of Clonidine.
Detoxing can be a deadly business, especially if from alcohol, Valium or Xanax so addicts should never go cold turkey. Complications from other drugs can arise but are not considered life threatening. Detoxifying under medical supervision makes sure things are done right and raises the chances of beating the addiction.
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Severe and prolonged withdrawal symptoms that last for weeks or months are as a result of alcohol abuse over an extended period. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
PAWS can be comforted through maintenance rehabilitation that may not only reduce hunger but also limit drug desire. These medicines frequently come as a capsule that patients take every day.
For liquor addiction these medicines are included
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
- It stops the urge to take alcohol.
- Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
- It can be administered by injection every four weeks.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- The physical and emotional distress caused by alcohol dependency can be eased using this drug.
- Once completing the detox, recovery from alcohol can use Acamprosate.
- This medication reduces the urge to drink as it prevents negativity including depression and paranoia.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- This was the first approved medication for alcohol abuse.
- It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
- This medication has been very successful as it deters alcoholics from drinking.
Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.
Heroin And Opiate Medications
Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. Opiate and Heroin medications helps the person in fighting against hunger and withdrawal signs. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.
Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. Some have long-term withdrawal side effects. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. PAWS and cravings can be stopped by long-term medications. A recovering addict should take these medicines until they are completely free.
Addiction medicines for Heroin and painkillers are
- Opiate addiction from moderate to severe can be prescribed Methadone.
- It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
- Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
- Because Methadone also has the capacity to cause addiction, it is usually prescribed cautiously.
- Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
- Get further information about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone, however it is little monitored since the addiction potential is inferior.
- For Buprenorphine it is not necessary to go clinic and get it regularly, the patient can also take it at home.
- The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
- This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
- The same brain receptors are activated for both alcohol and Opiates.
Detoxing And Rehab
A few people detox all alone. Detoxing with no medical supervision, it is difficult as well as risky. To gain sobriety with no added health issues or risk of relapsing, a medically supervised detox is the best and safest mode. Medical detoxification is necessary for people dependent on alcohol or Benzodiazepines.
Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.
Health problems can be improve through supervised detox. The patient's vital signs and fluid levels can be monitored by a doctor. Medical staff are on hand to make the patient as comfortable as possible. In addition, they adapt any medicine dosages depending on the patient's requirements and durable programs for medication.
Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. Withdrawals can make situations difficult such as high blood pressure. Any complications can either be prevented or sorted out quickly during a medical detox.
Inpatient rehab often includes detox. Residential rehabilitation can last for between 30 and 90 days in many cases. The initial week comprised of closely observed detox. To improve the odds of recovering successfully, rehabilitation usually includes treatments such as behavioural therapy.
Find a rehabilitation with medical detoxification today for you or someone you care about that needs assistance to accomplish sobriety call 0800 246 1509.